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Recently the Fourth and Fifth District Courts of Appeal took conflicting stances as to whether referral sources can be a legitimate business interest to support enforcement of restrictive covenants through a temporary restraining order (“TRO”). See Infinity Home Care, LLC v. Amedisys Holding, LLC, No. 4D14-3872, 2015 WL 7292837, --- So.3d ---- (Fla. 4th DCA Nov. 18, 2015) Infinity Home;…

Across the country, students gain valuable experiences through internship programs before entering their respective workspaces. See Schumann v. Collier Anesthia, P.A., --- F.3d ----, 2015 WL 5297260, (11th Cir. Sept. 11, 2015) (“modern internships can play an important—indeed critical—role in preparing students for their chosen careers.”); see also Hollins v. Regency Corp., No. 13 C 07686, 2015 WL 6526964 (N.D. Ill.…

In Paylor v. Hartford Fire Ins. Co., 6:11-cv-00059-PCF-TBS (11th Cir. April 8, 2014), the Eleventh Circuit enforced a severance agreement that waived an employee’s rights under the Family Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”) for past conduct of the employer.  The plaintiff, Blanche Paylor, worked for Hartford as a disability analyst.  Between January 2008 and September 2009, she used 390 hours of…

An illegal gambling establishment in Alabama faced additional legal woes when it was sued by a class of former employees for allegedly violating the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Act (“WARN Act”) when it laid off its employees without giving them any formal notice. Sides v. Macon County Greyhound Park, Inc., 725 F.3d 1276 (11th Cir. 2013).  Macon County Greyhound Park,…

At Graceland Memorial Park South Cemetery, at least three people could not locate their loved ones’ gravesites without the cemetery staff “probing” into burial sites.  Alderwoods Group, Inc. v. Garcia, 119 So. 3d 497 (Fla. 3d DCA 2013) (Alderwoods v. Garcia).  The three plaintiffs sought to certify a class defined by “all persons with family members buried before 1994 in…

One of the unique issues in class action litigation is determining when, if ever, an absent class member becomes a party.  In Day v. Persels & Associates, LLC, 729 F.3d 1309 (11th Cir. 2013), (Day v Persels) Miranda Day sued several debt management companies on behalf of herself and 125,000 consumers.  Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1), Day, the putative…

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